Crane Ropes

Rope Services Direct are specialist suppliers of speciality crane ropes and wire, which are ideally suited to a broad range of both crane and hoist uses.

Where required crane ropes can be supplied with anti-spin / rotation proof properties as well as other key elements such as bend fatigue and abrasion resistance. For more information on the products and services we supply, contact RSD today on 01384 78004 to discuss your current requirements.

CRANE ROPES

There are many types of cranes which require the use of wire ropes, there are also many types of rope constructions with varying crane ropesproperties, which means there are many things to consider when purchasing new crane ropes.

Overhead cranes, mobile cranes, all terrain cranes, crawler cranes, tower cranes, gantry cranes, off-shore pedestal cranes, dredger cranes, piling cranes, harbour cranes, and container cranes all use wire crane ropes, some cranes use more than one.

Crane wire rope can be used for main hoist rope, boom rope, derricking rope, closing rope, grab rope, hoist rope, tower erection rope, boom rope and trolley rope. Matching the ideal  rope for your type of crane and application is not so easy because no single rope will fit all requirements; for example no one rope is fatigue resistant, crush resistant, abrasion resistant, rotation resistant, have the necessary breaking strength, rope diameter and/or rope structure stability, so choosing the right rope may require a little research.

Good examples are: boom hoists should be crush resistant; clamshell closing lines must be resistant to bend fatigue, whilst overhead crane hoist rope requires strength and stability. For a container crane hoist rope or trolley rope the rope will need to be a combination of resistance to bending and abrasion as well as fatigue resistance. Tower erection rope should be rotation resistant; trolley rope needs low elongation properties and boom hoist rope needs high flexibility and breaking load strength.

It is usually recommended to choose a crane wire rope that is an exact or close match to the original rope supplied with the crane by the manufacturer, or else choose  more superior crane ropes.

STRENGTH:

A crane ropes strength is generally referred to as the minimum breaking load or force (MBL), it is possible to increase the MBL for most rope diameters in two ways:

By increasing the tensile strength of the actual wire used during the manufacturing process the MBL will increase. 1770N/mm², 1960N/mm² & 2160N/mm² are common wire tensile grades used in crane ropes. It is also feasible to raise the steel fill factor of the  rope to increase its strength further. The fill factor measures cross sectional areas of the rope.

A more effective way of increasing the strength of a rope is to compact them; the individual strands may be compacted which reduces the number of voids throughout the rope as well as increasing the surface contact area. This type of compacted wire rope has many other benefits which are discussed on our compacted wire rope page. Lower stress levels take place when conventional ropes are changed for compacted wire ropes, frequently resulting in easier operation and longer working life.

DIAMETER;

The correct diameter is crucial to performance on a crane, and a wire rope which is too big or too small for the drum and sheaves will increase wear and fatigue and could cause premature rope failure. Additionally it is crucial that you make sure the diameter is consistent over the length of the rope, as inconsistency could cause wire breaks and shorten the ropes life. The use of compacted rope enables the same strength as a standard rope of the same construction but with a smaller diameter. It is always wise to select a rope with the same diameter as the original.

CRUSH RESISTANCE;

When deciding on a  crane wire rope, picking a wire core as opposed to a fibre core will improve its resistance to crushing. This is important when sheaves and drum winding is used.

Compacted rope will also offer greater crush resistance as a result of its high fill factor, than that of conventional wire rope.

BEND FATIGUE RESISTANCE;

This is the capability of the rope to tolerate repetitive bending under constant or variable loads. This is possibly one of the most important properties of a crane rope due to its use with sheaves and trolleys etc. As loads increase when a reeving system is used the fatigue rate will also increase.

A rope with more strands will possess greater fatigue resistance than a rope with less strands, compacted rope will add extra fatigue life.

ROTATION RESISTANCE;

Rotation resistance is usually a top priority for a crane ropes, this is to prevent load spinning and subsequently rope unravelling.

Non-rotating wire rope is an ordinary or reverse lay rope and possesses qualities so that each wire rope structure will possess natural torque properties where both ends of the rope are secured and an applied force will create torque on the fixing points. The torque or turn produced will depend on the scale of the force applied as well as on the construction of the crane ropes.

It is important to note that single layer Langs lay ropes possess dreadful rotational properties and so should only be utilised where both ends are firmly fixed.

RESISTANCE TO WEAR AND ABRASION;

The primary reason for abrasive wear on crane ropes is brought on by other apparatus like winding drums and sheaves, since the rope wears between adjoining laps when wound on or off the drum, selecting compacted rope may minimise this kind of wear and tear.

Whilst selecting crane wire rope, keep in mind that the bigger the outer wires the better resistance to wear and abrasion, therefore ropes with the lower the number i.e. 6×19 will be better than a higher number i.e. 6×36 when utilised where wear and abrasion are the key reason for rope deterioration as opposed to bend fatigue.

Again a compacted rope with its smoother surface will offer a wider bearing surface to conventional rope, this leads to improved resistance to wear and abrasion.

CORROISON RESISTANCE;

If crane ropes are going to be utilised in a place where corrosive substances are used then it’s best to select a  rope which has a galvanised finish. A ‘P.I.R.’ or plastic impregnated wire ropes are most suitable for severe craning operations, or plastic coated wire rope will also help to avoid corrosion.

LUBRICATION;

Lubricating your wire-rope needs to be done on a regular basis, using a high performance appropriate lubricant.

Lubricating your rope with a high performance lubricant has a major effect regarding the life of the rope, especially in relation to bend resistance. Lubricating the wire rope additionally minimises abrasive wear and extends fatigue life