Wire Rope Replacement Advice and Discard Criteria

Over time many customers have asked us for discard criteria and advice relating to replacement. We have provided some practical advice and guidance on this topic in this latest article.

 Standards compliance

Both the ISO and LOLER standards provide advice relating to the discard and replacement of ropes:

·         ISO 4309:2010 – The ISO have published standards relating to the discard of ropes, these should be read in conjunction with this article

Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER) – The regulations specifically state:

“don’t use unsuitable equipment, e.g. makeshift, damaged, badly worn chains shortened with knots, kinked or twisted wire ropes, frayed or rotted fibre ropes”

wire rope replacement

There will come a point for all rope to be replaced

 Listed below are five reasons why the material may need to be discarded and replaced:

 1)    Broken wires and rope replacement

Broken wires are dangerous for a number of reasons; they greatly reduce the load bearing capability and are also dangerous to operators (especially hands).

 As a general rule broken wires should never exceed 5% of the total wires. Also, where breakages are local this will need the rope to be removed from service.

 2)    Excessive wear

The lifting medium has a distinct life time (and won’t last forever!). Once it has excessive wear the rope will need to be discarded. Once a rope has lost 10% or more of its diameter it needs to be discarded and replaced.

 3)    Corrosion

Corrosion occurs frequently due to poor storage, e.g. exposure to the elements or chemicals. Corroded rope is of no use and highly dangerous. When corroded rope is discovered it should be taken out of service and replaced.

wire rope replacement

Corroded rope will need to be replaced

1)    Significant amount of distortion and wire rope replacement

Any deformity/distortion of the material is a reason for discard. Examples could include collapse of the rope core, crushing of the rope, twists or kinks, knots and any other distortions. Although some distortions may be able to be fixed, the majority will lead to discard, only retain the material if it is 100% safe to continue in use.

2)    Temperature damage and rope replacement

Rope breakage can be caused due to temperature damage, either through freezing or excessive. Where rope is inspected and it shows temperature related damage then the rope should be discarded and replaced.

For further advice

Discarding of and replacing ropes at the right time is vitally important. Please call us here at Rope Services Direct for further advice. Never leave the replacement to chance.


Image Credits: Wikipedia and Freyer